Acne is the most common skin condition in the United States. Although it’s common, accurate information about acne can be scarce. This can make it difficult to get clearer skin
Acne can present as whiteheads or blackheads, small red bumps known as papules and pustules. In the most severe form, deeper more severely inflamed lesions called nodules and cystic acne lesions can occur which are painful and even lead to scarring.
Acne can present in 3 phases of life. In the teenage years, acne presents typically as whiteheads and blackheads on the face more pronounced on the T-zone (forehead and nose region). In Adulthood, acne presents as reddish bumps on the face and even the lower jaw line and chin area. This is typically due to hormonal imbalances and may occur in the reproductive years or post-menopausal years.
Acne can affect patients self-image as well as confidence and can even lead to depression. Acne is irritating to the skin and can be painful with larger inflammatory lesions.
Acne is caused by abnormal function of the hair follicles and oil glands connected to them. When these factors are combined with excessive bacterial overgrowth, acne occurs.
Oral and topical medications are very effective for most forms of acne. In severe forms, a medication know as “Accutane” can show good results. Other treatments that are successful include chemical peels, light based treatments with blue light, laser treatments and combination therapies.
We use the most advanced methods for diagnosing alopecia from a scalp biopsy.
Horizontally sectioned biopsies provide a wealth of information regarding the state of the hair follicles in patients with alopecia, yet few pathology laboratories perform this service. Horizontal sections are performed routinely at Missouri Hair Institute.
Dr. Darling utilizes an even more advanced method called the Vertical technique for diagnosing hair loss and other disorders from a scalp biopsy. The technique uses vertical testing approach that provides a greater amount of information to the referring physician.